Publications

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2024

 

Wischnewski S*, Thäwel T*, Ikenaga C*, Kocharyan A*, Lerma-Martin C, Zulji A, Rausch HW, Brenner D, Thomas L, Kutza M, Wick B, Trobisch T, Preusse C, Haeussler M, Leipe J, Ludolph A, Rosenbohm A, Hoke A, Platten M, Weishaupt JH, Sommer CJ, Stenzel W, Lloyd TE*, Schirmer L*. Cell type mapping of inflammatory muscle diseases highlights selective myofiber vulnerability in inclusion body myositis. Nat Aging. 2024 Jun 4. doi: 10.1038/s43587-024-00645-9. PMID: 38834884.

 

Brenner D, Sieverding K, Srinidhi J, Zellner S, Secker C, Yilmaz R, Dyckow J, Amr S, Ponomarenko A, Tunaboylu E, Douahem Y, Schlag JS, Rodríguez Martínez L, Kislinger G, Niemann C, Nalbach K, Ruf WP, Uhl J, Hollenbeck J, Schirmer L, Catanese A, Lobsiger CS, Danzer KM, Yilmazer-Hanke D, Münch C, Koch P, Freischmidt A, Fetting M, Behrends C, Parlato R, Weishaupt JH. A TBK1 variant causes autophagolysosomal and motoneuron pathology without neuroinflammation in mice. J Exp Med. 2024 May 6;221(5):e20221190. doi: 10.1084/jem.20221190. PMID: 38517332.

 

2023

 

Stüdle C, Nishihara H, Wischnewski S, Kulsvehagen L, Perriot S, Ishikawa H, Schroten H, Frank S, Deigendesch N, Du Pasquier R, Schirmer L, Pröbstel AK, Engelhardt B. SARS-CoV-2 infects epithelial cells of the blood-cerebrospinal fluid barrier rather than endothelial cells or pericytes of the blood-brain barrier. Fluids Barriers CNS. 2023 Oct 24;20(1):76. doi: 10.1186/s12987-023-00479-4. PMID: 37875964.

 

Velmeshev D, Perez Y, Yan Z, Valencia JE, Castaneda-Castellanos DR, Wang L, Schirmer L, Mayer S, Wick B, Wang S, Nowakowski TJ, Paredes M, Huang EJ, Kriegstein AR. Single-cell analysis of prenatal and postnatal human cortical development. Science. 2023 Oct 13;382(6667):eadf0834. doi: 10.1126/science.adf0834. PMID: 37824647.

 

Bayas A, Berthele A, Blank N, Dreger P, Faissner S, Friese MA, Gerdes LA, Grauer OM, Häussler V, Heesen C, Janson D, Korporal-Kuhnke M, Kowarik M, Kröger N, Lünemann JD, Martin R, Meier U, Meuth S, Muraro P, Platten M, Schirmer L, Stürner KH, Stellmann JP, Scheid C, Bergh FT, Warnke C, Wildemann B, Ziemssen T. Autologous haematopoietic stem cell transplantation for multiple sclerosis: a position paper and registry outline. Ther Adv Neurol Disord. 2023 Sep 28;16:17562864231180730. doi: 10.1177/17562864231180730. PMID: 37780055.

 

Hofmann A*, Krajnc N*, Dal-Bianco A, Riedl CJ, Zrzavy T, Lerma-Martin C, Kasprian G, Weber CE, Pezzini F, Leutmezer F, Rommer P, Bsteh G, Platten M, Gass A, Berger T, Eisele P, Magliozzi R, Schirmer L*, Hametner S*Myeloid cell iron uptake pathways and paramagnetic rim formation in multiple sclerosis. Acta Neuropathol. 2023 Nov;146(5):707-724. doi: 10.1007/s00401-023-02627-4. PMID: 37715818.

 

Cirzi C, Dyckow J, Legrand C, Schott J, Guo W, Perez Hernandez D, Hisaoka M, Parlato R, Pitzer C, van der Hoeven F, Dittmar G, Helm M, Stoecklin G, Schirmer L, Lyko F, Tuorto F. Queuosine-tRNA promotes sex-dependent learning and memory formation by maintaining codon-biased translation elongation speed. EMBO J. 2023 Aug 23:e112507. doi: 10.15252/embj.2022112507. PMID: 37609797.

 

Karimian-Jazi K, Vollherbst DF, Schwarz D, Fischer M, Schregel K, Bauer G, Kocharyan A, Sturm V, Neuberger U, Jesser J, Herweh C, Ulfert C, Hilgenfeld T, Seker F, Preisner F, Schmitt N, Charlet T, Hamelmann S, Sahm F, Heiland S, Wick W, Ringleb PA, Schirmer L, Bendszus M, Möhlenbruch MA, Breckwoldt MO.MR microscopy to assess clot composition following mechanical thrombectomy predicts recanalization and clinical outcome. J Neurointerv Surg. 2023 Aug 1:jnis-2023-020594. doi: 10.1136/jnis-2023-020594. PMID: 37527928.

 

Wittayer M, Weber CE, Kittel M, Platten M, Schirmer L, Tumani H, Gass A, Eisele P. Cerebrospinal fluid-related tissue damage in multiple sclerosis patients with iron rim lesions. Mult Scler. 2023 Apr;29(4-5):549-558. doi: 10.1177/13524585231155639. PMID: 37119207.

 

Gelpi E, Klotz S, Beyerle M, Wischnewski S, Harter V, Kirschner H, Stolz K, Reisinger C, Lindeck-Pozza E, Zoufaly A, Leoni M, Gorkiewicz G, Zacharias M, Haberler C, Hainfellner J, Woehrer A, Hametner S, Roetzer T, Voigtländer T, Ricken G, Endmayr V, Haider C, Ludwig J, Polt A, Wilk G, Schmid S, Erben I, Nguyen A, Lang S, Simonitsch-Klupp I, Kornauth C, Nackenhorst M, Kläger J, Kain R, Chott A, Wasicky R, Krause R, Weiss G, Löffler-Rag J, Berger T, Moser P, Soleiman A, Asslaber M, Sedivy R, Klupp N, Klimpfinger M, Risser D, Budka H, Schirmer L, Pröbstel AK, Höftberger R. Multifactorial White Matter Damage in the Acute Phase and Pre-Existing Conditions May Drive Cognitive Dysfunction after SARS-CoV-2 Infection: Neuropathology-Based Evidence. Viruses. 2023 Mar 31;15(4):908. doi: 10.3390/v15040908. PMID: 37112888.

 

Kapell H*, Fazio L*, Dyckow J*, Schwarz S, Cruz-Herranz A, Mayer C, Campos J, D Este E, Möbius W, Cordano C, Pröbstel AK, Gharagozloo M, Zulji A, Narayanan Naik V, Delank AK, Cerina M, Müntefering T, Lerma-Martin C, Sonner JK, Sin JH, Disse P, Rychlik N, Sabeur K, Chavali M, Srivastava R, Heidenreich M, Fitzgerald KC, Seebohm G, Stadelmann C, Hemmer B, Platten M, Jentsch TJ, Engelhardt M, Budde T, Nave KA, Calabresi PA, Friese MA, Green AJ, Acuna C, Rowitch DH*, Meuth SG*, Schirmer L*Neuron-oligodendrocyte potassium shuttling at nodes of Ranvier protects against inflammatory demyelination. J Clin Invest. 2023 Apr 3;133(7):e164223. doi: 10.1172/JCI164223. PMID: 36719741.

 

Wittayer M, Weber CE, Krämer J, Platten M, Schirmer L, Gass A, Eisele P. Exploring (peri-) lesional and structural connectivity tissue damage through T1/T2-weighted ratio in iron rim multiple sclerosis lesions. Magn Reson Imaging. 2023 Jan;95:12-18. doi: 10.1016/j.mri.2022.10.009. PMID: 36270415.

 

2022

 

Lerma-Martin C, Badia-i-Mompel P, Ramirez Flores RO, Sekol P, Hofmann A, Thaewel T, Riedl CJ, Wuennemann F, Ibarra-Arellano MA, Trobisch T, Eisele P, Schapiro D, Haeussler M, Hametner S, Saez-Rodriguez J*, Schirmer L*. Spatial cell type mapping of multiple sclerosis lesions. bioRxiv. doi: https://doi.org/10.1101/2022.11.03.514906.

 

Trobisch T*, Zulji A*, Stevens NA, Schwarz S, Wischnewski S, Öztürk M, Perales-Patón J, Haeussler M, Saez-Rodriguez J, Velmeshev D, Schirmer LCross-regional homeostatic and reactive glial signatures in multiple sclerosis. Acta Neuropathol. 2022 Nov;144(5):987-1003. doi: 10.1007/s00401-022-02497-2. PMID: 36112223.

 

Eisele P, Wittayer M, Weber CE, Platten M, Schirmer L, Gass A. Impact of disease-modifying therapies on evolving tissue damage in iron rim multiple sclerosis lesions. Mult Scler. 2022 Dec;28(14):2294-2298. doi: 10.1177/13524585221106338. PMID: 35778799.

 

Wittayer M, Weber CE, Platten M, Schirmer L, Gass A, Eisele P. Spatial distribution of multiple sclerosis iron rim lesions and their impact on disability. Mult Scler Relat Disord. 2022 Aug;64:103967. doi: 10.1016/j.msard.2022.103967. PMID: 35728430.

 

Wenzel N, Wittayer M, Weber CE, Schirmer L, Platten M, Gass A, Eisele P. MRI predictors for the conversion from contrast-enhancing to iron rim multiple sclerosis lesions. J Neurol. 2022 Mar 25. PMID: 35332392.

 

Weber CE, Wittayer M, Kraemer M, Dabringhaus A, Bail K, Platten M, Schirmer L, Gass A, Eisele P. Long-term dynamics of multiple sclerosis iron rim lesions. Mult Scler Relat Disord. 2022 Jan;57:103340. doi: 10.1016/j.msard.2021.103340. PMID: 35158450.

 

2021

 

Pröbstel AK, Schirmer L. SARS-CoV-2-specific Neuropathology: Fact or Fiction? Trends Neurosci. 2021 Dec;44(12):933-935. doi: 10.1016/j.tins.2021.10.006. PMID: 34716032.

 

Ben Haim L, Schirmer L, Zulji A, Sabeur K, Tiret B, Ribon M, Chang S, Lamers WH, Boillée S, Chaumeil MM, Rowitch DH. Evidence for glutamine synthetase function in mouse spinal cord oligodendrocytes. Glia. 2021 Dec;69(12):2812-2827. doi: 10.1002/glia.24071. PMID: 34396578.

 

Tryptophan metabolism drives dynamic immunosuppressive myeloid states in IDH-mutant gliomas. Friedrich M, Sankowski R, Bunse L, Kilian M, Green E, Ramallo Guevara C, Pusch S, Poschet G, Sanghvi K, Hahn M, Bunse T, Münch P, Gegner HM, Sonner JK, von Landenberg A, Cichon F, Aslan K, Trobisch T, Schirmer L, Abu-Sammour D, Kessler T, Ratliff M, Schrimpf D, Sahm F, Hopf C, Heiland DH, Schnell O, Beck J, Böttcher C, Fernandez-Zapata C, Priller J, Heiland S, Gutcher I, Quintana FJ, von Deimling A, Wick W, Prinz M, Platten M. Nat Cancer. 2021 Jul;2(7):723-740. doi: 10.1038/s43018-021-00201-z. PMID: 35121943.

 

Heintz A, Sold S, Wühler F, Dyckow J, Schirmer L, Beuermann T, Rädle M. Design of a Multimodal Imaging System and Its First Application to Distinguish Grey and White Matter of Brain Tissue. A Proof-of-Concept-Study. Appl. Sci. 2021. 11(11), 4777; https://doi.org/10.3390/app11114777.

 

Sessler K, Blechschmidt V, Hoheisel U, Mense S, Schirmer L, Treede RD. Spinal cord fractalkine (CX3CL1) signaling is critical for neuronal sensitization in experimental non-specific, myofascial low back pain. J Neurophysiol. 2021 Feb 17. PMID: 33596743.

 

Schirmer L, Schafer DP, Bartels T, Rowitch DH, Calabresi PA. Diversity and Function of Glial Cell Types in Multiple Sclerosis. Trends Immunol. 2021 Mar;42(3):228-247. doi: 10.1016/j.it.2021.01.005. PMID: 33593693.

 

Paredes I, Vieira JR, Shah B, Ramunno CF, Dyckow J, Adler H, Richter M, Schermann G, Giannakouri E, Schirmer L, Augustin HG, Ruiz de Almodóvar C. Oligodendrocyte precursor cell specification is regulated by bidirectional neural progenitor-endothelial cell crosstalk. Nat Neurosci. 2021 Apr;24(4):478-488. doi: 10.1038/s41593-020-00788-z. Epub 2021 Jan 28. PMID: 33510480.

 

Fuchs V*, Kutza M*, Wischnewski S*, Deigendesch N, Lutz L, Kulsvehagen L, Ricken G, Kappos L, Tzankov A, Hametner S, Frank S, Schirmer L*, Pröbstel AK*. Presence of SARS-CoV-2 Transcripts in the Choroid Plexus of MS and Non-MS Patients With COVID-19. Neurol Neuroimmunol Neuroinflamm. Jan 27;8(2):e957. doi: 10.1212/NXI.0000000000000957. PMID: 33504636.

 

2020

 

Kim K, Pröbstel AK, Baumann R, Dyckow J, Landefeld J, Kogl E, Madireddy L, Loudermilk R, Eggers EL, Singh S, Caillier SJ, Hauser SL, Cree BAC; UCSF MS-EPIC Team, Schirmer L, Wilson MR, Baranzini SE. Cell type-specific transcriptomics identifies neddylation as a novel therapeutic target in multiple sclerosis. Brain. 2020 Dec 29:awaa421. PMID: 33374005.

 

Pröbstel AK, Zhou X, Baumann R, Wischnewski S, Kutza M, Rojas OL, Sellrie K, Bischof A, Kim K, Ramesh A, Dandekar R, Greenfield AL, Schubert RD, Bisanz JE, Vistnes S, Khaleghi K, Landefeld J, Kirkish G, Liesche-Starnecker F, Ramaglia V, Singh S, Tran EB, Barba P, Zorn K, Oechtering J, Forsberg K, Shiow LR, Henry RG, Graves J, Cree BAC, Hauser SL, Kuhle J, Gelfand JM, Andersen PM, Schlegel J, Turnbaugh PJ, Seeberger PH, Gommerman JL, Wilson MR, Schirmer L, Baranzini SE. Gut microbiota–specific IgA+ B cells traffic to the CNS in active multiple sclerosis. Sci Immunol. 2020 Nov 20;5(53):eabc7191. PMID: 33219152.

 

Beutel T, Dzimiera J, Kapell H, Engelhardt M, Gass A, Schirmer L. Cortical projection neurons as a therapeutic target in multiple sclerosis. Expert Opin Ther Targets. 2020 Oct 24. PMID: 33103501.

 

Deigendesch N, Sironi L, Kutza M, Wischnewski S, Fuchs V, Hench J, Frank A, Nienhold R, Mertz KD, Cathomas G, Matter MS, Siegemund M, Tolnay M, Schirmer L, Pröbstel AK, Tzankov A, Frank S. Correlates of critical illness-related encephalopathy predominate postmortem COVID-19 neuropathology. Acta Neuropathol. 2020 Oct;140(4):583-586. PMID: 32851506.

 

Bergmann N, Delbridge C, Gempt J, Feuchtinger A, Walch A, Schirmer L, Bunk W, Aschenbrenner T, Liesche-Starnecker F, Schlegel J. The Intratumoral Heterogeneity Reflects the Intertumoral Subtypes of Glioblastoma Multiforme: A Regional Immunohistochemistry Analysis. Front Oncol. 2020 Apr 24;10:494. PMID: 32391260.

 

2019

 

Schirmer L*, Velmeshev D*, Holmqvist S, Kaufmann M, Werneburg S, Jung D, Vistnes S, Stockley JH, Young A, Steindel M, Tung B, Goyal N, Bhaduri A, Mayer S, Engler JB, Bayraktar OA, Franklin RJM, Haeussler M, Reynolds R, Schafer DP, Friese MA, Shiow LR, Kriegstein AR, Rowitch DH.Neuronal vulnerability and multilineage diversity in multiple sclerosis. Nature. 2019 Sep;573(7772):75-82. PMID: 31316211.

 

Lanz TV, Pröbstel AK, Mildenberger I, Platten M, Schirmer L. Single-cell high-throughput technologies in cerebrospinal fluid research and diagnostics. Front Immunol. 2019 Jun 11;10:1302. PMID: 31244848.

 

Velmeshev D, Schirmer L, Jung D, Haeussler M, Perez Y, Mayer S, Bhaduri A, Goyal N, Rowitch DH, Kriegstein AR. Single-Cell Genomics Identifies Cell Type-Specific Molecular Changes in Autism. Science. 2019 May 17;364(6441):685-689. PMID: 31097668.

 

2018

 

Gempt J, Bette S, Albertshauser J, Järschke J, Gradtke C, Schirmer L, Ryang YM, Meyer B, Ringel F. Personality Traits in Patients with Neuroepithelial Tumors – A Prospective Study. Sci Rep. 2018 Nov 19;8(1):17055. PMID: 30451871.

 

Berndt M, Friedrich B, Maegerlein C, Mönch C, Hedderich D, Lehm M, Zimmer C, Straeter A, Poppert H, Wunderlich S, Schirmer L, Oberdieck P, Kaesmacher J, Boeckh-Behrens T. Thrombus permeability in admission CT imaging indicates stroke etiology based on thrombus histology. Stroke. 2018 Nov;49(11):2674-2682. PMID: 30355200.

 

Schirmer L, Möbius W, Zhao C, Cruz-Herranz A, Ben Haim L, Cordano C, Shiow LR, Kelley KW, Sadowski B, Timmons G, Pröbstel AK, Wright JN, Sin JH, Devereux M, Morrison DE, Chang SM, Sabeur K, Green A, Nave KA, Franklin RJ, Rowitch DH. Oligodendrocyte-encoded Kir4.1 function is required for axonal integrity. Elife. 2018 Sep 11; 7. PMID: 30204081.

 

Kelley KW, Ben Haim L, Schirmer L, Tyzack GE, Tolman M, Miller JG, Tsai HH, Chang SM, Molofsky AV, Yang Y, Patani R, Lakatos A, Ullian EM, Rowitch DH. Kir4.1-Dependent Astrocyte-Fast Motor Neuron Interactions Are Required for Peak Strength. Neuron. 2018 Mar 28. PMID: 29606582.

 

Berndt M, Prothmann S, Maegerlein C, Oberdieck P, Zimmer C, Hegge B, Pelisek J, Schirmer L, Poppert H, Boeckh-Behrens T. Artificial Stroke Clots: How Wide is the Gap to the Real World? World Neurosurg. 2018 Feb; 110:e90-e99. PMID: 29107162.

 

Maegerlein C, Friedrich B, Berndt M, Lucia KE, Schirmer L, Poppert H, Zimmer C, Pelisek J, Boeckh-Behrens T, Kaesmacher J. Impact of histological thrombus composition on preinterventional thrombus migration in patients with acute occlusions of the middle cerebral artery. Interv Neuroradiol. 2018 Feb; 24(1):70-75. PMID: 29058984.

 

2017

 

Shiow LR, Favrais G, Schirmer L, Schang AL, Cipriani S, Andres C, Wright JN, Nobuta H, Fleiss B, Gressens P, Rowitch DH. Reactive astrocyte COX2-PGE2 production inhibits oligodendrocyte maturation in neonatal white matter injury. Glia. 2017 Dec; 65(12):2024-2037. PMID: 28856805.

 

Wirth M, Schirmer L, Hofauer B, Lenschow M, Loos D, Thuermel K, Knopf A. Head and neck giant cell arteritis: an autoimmune disease with many faces. Acta Otolaryngol. 2017 Sep; 137(9):986-991. PMID: 28440088.

 

Boeckh-Behrens T, Kleine J, Kaesmacher J, Zimmer C, Schirmer L, Simon S, Poppert H. The CD31 molecule: a possible neuroprotective agent in acute ischemic stroke? Thromb J. 2017; 15:11. PMID: 28413360.

 

Sabo JK, Heine V, Silbereis JC, Schirmer L, Levison SW, Rowitch DH. Olig1 is required for noggin-induced neonatal myelin repair. Ann Neurol. 2017 Apr; 81(4):560-571. PMID: 28253550.

 

Kaesmacher J, Boeckh-Behrens T, Simon S, Maegerlein C, Kleine JF, Zimmer C, Schirmer L, Poppert H, Huber T. Risk of Thrombus Fragmentation during Endovascular Stroke Treatment. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 2017 May; 38(5):991-998. PMID: 28279987.

 

Liddelow SA, Guttenplan KA, Clarke LE, Bennett FC, Bohlen CJ, Schirmer L, Bennett ML, Münch AE, Chung WS, Peterson TC, Wilton DK, Frouin A, Napier BA, Panicker N, Kumar M, Buckwalter MS, Rowitch DH, Dawson VL, Dawson TM, Stevens B, Barres BA. Neurotoxic reactive astrocytes are induced by activated microglia. Nature. 2017 01 26; 541(7638):481-487. PMID: 28099414.

 

2016

 

Schirmer L, Worthington V, Solloch U, Loleit V, Grummel V, Lakdawala N, Grant D, Wassmuth R, Schmidt AH, Gebhardt F, Andlauer TF, Sauter J, Berthele A, Lunn MP, Hemmer B. Higher frequencies of HLA DQB1*05:01 and anti-glycosphingolipid antibodies in a cluster of severe Guillain-Barré syndrome. J Neurol. 2016 Oct; 263(10):2105-13. PMID: 27485170.

 

Boeckh-Behrens T, Kleine JF, Zimmer C, Neff F, Scheipl F, Pelisek J, Schirmer L, Nguyen K, Karatas D, Poppert H. Thrombus Histology Suggests Cardioembolic Cause in Cryptogenic Stroke. Stroke. 2016 07; 47(7):1864-71. PMID: 27197854.

 

Central Boeckh-Behrens T, Schubert M, Förschler A, Prothmann S, Kreiser K, Zimmer C, Riegger J, Bauer J, Neff F, Kehl V, Pelisek J, Schirmer L, Mehr M, Poppert H. The Impact of Histological Clot Composition in Embolic Stroke. Clin Neuroradiol. 2016 Jun; 26(2):189-97. PMID: 25261075.

 

2015

 

Schirmer L, Wölfel S, Georgi E, Ploner M, Bauer B, Hemmer B. Extensive Recruitment of Plasma Blasts to the Cerebrospinal Fluid in Toscana Virus Encephalitis. Open Forum Infect Dis. 2015 Sep; 2(3):ofv124. PMID: 26393235.

 

2014

 

Schirmer L, Srivastava R, Kalluri SR, Böttinger S, Herwerth M, Carassiti D, Srivastava B, Gempt J, Schlegel J, Kuhlmann T, Korn T, Reynolds R, Hemmer B. Differential loss of KIR4.1 immunoreactivity in multiple sclerosis lesions. Ann Neurol. 2014 Jun; 75(6):810-28. PMID: 24777949.

 

Schirmer L, Srivastava R, Hemmer B. To look for a needle in a haystack: the search for autoantibodies in multiple sclerosis. Mult Scler. 2014 Mar; 20(3):271-9. PMID: 24589684.

 

2013

 

Schirmer L, Rothhammer V, Hemmer B, Korn T. Enriched CD161high CCR6+ γd T cells in the cerebrospinal fluid of patients with multiple sclerosis. JAMA Neurol. 2013 Mar 01; 70(3):345-51. PMID: 23599932.

 

Schirmer L, Merkler D, König FB, Brück W, Stadelmann C. Neuroaxonal regeneration is more pronounced in early multiple sclerosis than in traumatic brain injury lesions. Brain Pathol. 2013 Jan; 23(1):2-12. PMID: 22612622.

 

2012

 

Srivastava R, Aslam M, Kalluri SR, Schirmer L, Buck D, Tackenberg B, Rothhammer V, Chan A, Gold R, Berthele A, Bennett JL, Korn T, Hemmer B. Potassium channel KIR4.1 as an immune target in multiple sclerosis. N Engl J Med. 2012 Jul 12; 367(2):115-23. PMID: 22784115.

 

Lahmer T, Küchle C, Schirmer L, Heemann U, Lutz J, Thürmel K. Kidney transplant after preexisting posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome induced by Goodpasture's syndrome. Exp Clin Transplant. 2012 Jun; 10(3):299-301. PMID: 22631071.

 

Sellner J, Schirmer L, Erik Gilhus N, Grisold W, Struhal W. The Open Facilities for Training in European Neurology (OFTEN): an emerging pan-European exchange programme for junior neurologists. Eur J Neurol. 2012 Jun; 19(6):e54-5. PMID: 22448868.

 

Schirmer L, Seifert CL, Pfeifenbring S, Wunderlich S, Stadelmann C, Hemmer B. Clinicopathological considerations in acute disseminated encephalomyelitis (ADEM): a fulminant case with favorable outcome. J Neurol. 2012 Apr; 259(4):753-5. PMID: 21901482.

 

2011

 

Schirmer L, Antel JP, Brück W, Stadelmann C. Axonal loss and neurofilament phosphorylation changes accompany lesion development and clinical progression in multiple sclerosis. Brain Pathol. 2011 Jul; 21(4):428-40. PMID: 21114565.

 

2010

 

Sellner J, Schirmer L, Hemmer B, Mühlau M. [Radiologically isolated syndrome: multiple sclerosis based solely on MRI findings?]. Nervenarzt. 2010 Oct; 81(10):1208-17. PMID: 20422146.

 

Sellner J, Schirmer L, Hemmer B, Mühlau M. The radiologically isolated syndrome: take action when the unexpected is uncovered? J Neurol. 2010 Oct; 257(10):1602-11. PMID: 20503053.

 

2009

 

Schirmer L, Albert M, Buss A, Schulz-Schaeffer WJ, Antel JP, Brück W, Stadelmann C. Substantial early, but nonprogressive neuronal loss in multiple sclerosis (MS) spinal cord. Ann Neurol. 2009 Nov; 66(5):698-704. PMID: 19938172.

 

* = contributed equally